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Ceilings

Fibrous Plaster Ceilings and Plaster products where originally made during the first decades of the 17th century the initial stage of making the plaster was to roast limestone or chalk in a kiln to form quick lime which would be stored until needed. The quick lime was then slaked with water, and sand added to form a ‘putty’. When ready for application a binding agent would be added, usually cow or goat hair. The plaster once applied would be allowed to slowly dry and harden through absorption of carbon dioxide from the air, thereby improving over time. A finishing coat usually of lime and fine sand would then be added. The finished colour would be white to off white. However, there was much local variation to the techniques deployed. These early techniques would later be replaced by stucco, where ground marble was added to the lime mix.